Saturday, July 16, 2016

四金化瘀排石湯

半枝蓮 10 錢
金錢草 10 錢
雞內金 4 錢
石葦 10 錢
鬱金 6 錢
三棱 6 錢
滑石 10 錢
瞿麥 5 錢
懷牛膝 5 錢
海金砂 10 錢
木通 3 錢
茅根 10 錢
甘草 3 錢

董氏奇穴: 馬金水穴、馬快水穴。

Monday, January 12, 2015

扁鵲難經: 十難

十難曰:一脈為十變者,何謂也?

然:五邪剛柔相逢之意也。
  假令心脈急甚者,肝邪干心也;
    心脈微急者,膽邪干小腸也;

    心脈大甚者,心邪自干心也;
    心脈微大者,小腸邪自干小腸也;

    心脈緩甚者,脾邪干心也;
    心脈微緩者,胃邪干小腸也;

    心脈澀甚者,肺邪干心也;
    心脈微澀者,大腸邪干小腸也;

    心脈沉甚者,腎邪干心也;
    心脈微沉者,膀胱邪干小腸也。

    五臟各有剛柔邪,故令一脈輒變為十也。

心得與整理:
五邪,其實就是指五臟五腑的邪氣。

剛所指的就是甚者,邪氣來自五臟,干擾五臟,在此文中為心。
柔所指的就是微者,邪氣來自五腑,干擾五腑,在此文中為小腸。

急、大、緩、澀、沉等五種脈象,就分別對應到五臟五腑的五種邪氣。
脈象為急者,邪氣來自肝與膽(木);
脈象為大者,邪氣來自心與小腸(火);
脈象為緩者,邪氣來自脾與胃(土);
脈象為澀者,邪氣來自肺與大腸(金);
脈象為沉者,邪氣來自腎與膀胱(水)。


扁鵲難經: 九難

九難曰:何以別知臟腑之病耶?

然:數者府也;遲者藏也。
  數則為熱,遲則為寒。
  諸陽為熱,諸陰為寒。
  故以別知藏府之病也。

扁鵲難經: 八難

八難曰:寸口脈平而死者,何謂也?

然:諸十二經脈者,皆係於生氣之原。
  所謂生氣之原者,謂十二經之根本也,謂腎間動氣也。
  此五藏六府之本,十二經脈之根,呼吸之門,三焦之原,一名守邪之神。
  故氣者,人之根本也,根絕則莖葉枯矣。
  寸口脈平而死者,生氣獨絕於內也。

扁鵲難經: 七難

七難曰:經言少陽之至,乍大乍小,乍短乍長;
      陽明之至,浮大而短;
      太陽之至,洪大而長;
      太陰之至,緊大而長;
      少陰之至,緊細而微;
      厥陰之至,沉短而敦。
    此六者,是平脈邪?將病脈耶?

然:皆王脈也。

  其氣以何月各王幾日?

然:冬至之後,得甲子,少陽王,
      復得甲子,陽明王,
      復得甲子,太陽王,
      復得甲子,太陰王,
      復得甲子,少陰王,
      復得甲子,厥陰王。
  王各六十日,六六三百六十日,以成一歲。
  此三陽三陰之王時日大要也。

扁鵲難經: 六難

六難曰:脈有陰盛陽虛,陽盛陰虛,何謂也?

然:浮之損小,沉之實大,故曰陰盛陽虛。
  沉之損小,浮之實大,故曰陽盛陰虛。
  是陰陽虛實之意也。

扁鵲難經: 五難

五難曰:脈有輕重,何謂也?

然:初持脈如三菽之重,與皮毛相得者,肺部也。
     如六菽之重,與血脈相得者,心部也。
     如九菽之重,與肌肉相得者,脾部也。
     如十二菽之重,與筋平者,肝部也。
     按之至骨,舉指來疾者,腎部也。
     故曰輕重也。

扁鵲難經: 四難

四難曰:脈有陰陽之法,何謂也?

然:呼出心與肺,吸入腎與肝,呼吸之間,脾受穀味也,其脈在中。
  浮者陽也,沉者陰也,故曰陰陽也。

  心肺俱浮,何以別之?

然:浮而大散者,心也;浮而短濇者,肺也。

  腎肝俱沉,何以別之?

然:牢而長者,肝也;按之濡,舉指來實者,腎也。
  脾者中州,故其脈在中,是陰陽之法也。

  脈有一陰一陽,一陰二陽,一陰三陽;有一陽一陰,一陽二陰,一陽三陰。
  如此之言,寸口有六脈俱動耶?

然:此言者,非有六脈俱動也,謂浮、沉、長、短、滑、濇也。
  浮者陽也,滑者陽也,長者陽也;
  沉者陰也,短者陰也,濇者陰也。

  所謂一陰一陽者,謂脈來沉而滑也;
    一陰二陽者,謂脈來沉滑而長也;
    一陰三陽者,謂脈來浮滑而長,時一沉也。

  所謂一陽一陰者,謂脈來浮而濇也;
    一陽二陰者,謂脈來長而沉濇也;
    一陽三陰者,謂脈來沉濇而短,時一浮也。

  各以其經所在,名病逆順也。

扁鵲難經: 三難

三難曰:脈有太過,有不及,有陰陽相乘,有覆有溢,有關有格,何謂也?

然:關之前者,陽之動,脈當見九分而浮。
  過者,法曰太過;減者,法曰不及。
  遂上魚為溢,為外關內格,此陰乘之脈也。

  關以後者,陰之動也,脈當見一寸而沉。
  過者,法曰太過;減者,法曰不及。
  遂入尺為覆,為內關外格,此陽乘之脈也。

  故曰覆溢,是其真藏之脈,人不病而死也。

扁鵲難經: 二難

二難曰:脈有尺寸,何謂也?

然:尺寸者,脈之大要會也。
  從關至尺是尺內,陰之所治也。從關至魚際是寸或作「寸口」。內,陽之所治也。
  故分寸為尺,分尺為寸。
  故陰得尺內一寸,陽得寸內九分,尺寸終始,一寸九分,故曰尺寸也。

扁鵲難經: 一難

一難曰:十二經皆有動脈,獨取寸口,以決五藏六府死生吉凶之法,何謂也?

然:寸口者,脈之大要會,手太陰之脈動也。
  人一呼脈行三寸,一吸脈行三寸,呼吸定息,脈行六寸。
  人一日一夜,凡一萬三千五百息,脈行五十度,周於身。
  漏水下百刻,榮衛行陽二十五度,行陰亦二十五度,為一周也,故五十度復會於手太陰。
  寸口者,五藏六府之所終始,故法取於寸口也。

Thursday, January 01, 2015

Sunday, December 21, 2014

News: A New Species of the World’s Biggest Whale Has Been Discovered — and They’re Small

Well, relatively speaking.

December 19, 2014 By Taylor Hill

[original link]

From News
A pygmy blue whale. (Photo: Jason Isley/Getty Images)

Does the world’s largest animal have a pint-size variety?

Not exactly, but the population of blue whales living off Chile’s southern coast could be a slightly smaller version of their Antarctic neighbors, and that has scientists thinking they may have found a new subspecies of the cetacean.

But don’t be fooled: These so-called “pygmy blue whales” are only small if you’re comparing them with the 100-foot behemoths with which they share a name.

Still, the new findings—published in the journal Molecular Ecology on Thursday—should help researchers get closer to determining just how many types of blue whales exist in the world’s oceans, and that could make a big difference in understanding the best way to conserve the endangered species.

Researchers from the United States National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, the Wildlife Conservation Society, and the Universidad Austral de Chile worked together on the study, comparing the genetic identify of 52 whales found off southern Chile with blue whales from Antarctica, northern Chile, and the eastern tropical Pacific.

While they didn’t find differences between the Chile groups and the eastern tropical groups, there were significant differences in gene sequences in all three populations compared with the Antarctic blue whales.

“The presence of two types of blue whales in Chile hopefully helps inform protection measures, either via spatial protections or threat mitigations for each that can be carried out locally and nationally, but also in a regional and international context,” Howard Rosenbaum, a Wildlife Conservation Society director and senior author of the study, said in an email.

The smaller blue whales found off southern Chile are similar in size to another subspecies of blue whales found off Australia, called B. m. brevicauda—which measures around 80 feet at maturity. That’s plenty big, but it still doesn’t touch the Antarctic blue whale, B. m. intermedia, which can grow up to 100 feet in length.

Researchers noted that little is known about the Southern Hemisphere blue whale population, and most historical data points come from whaling records. It wasn’t until a blue whale feeding and nursing ground was discovered off Chile’s southern coast in 2004 that scientists began to question whether there was more than one population of blue whales in the southeastern Pacific.

By the early 1900s, whalers had slaughtered more than 300,000 Antarctic blue whales, depleting the population to less than 1 percent of its historic number.

Since the International Whaling Commission’s 1966 moratorium on killing blue whales, the marine mammal has slowly recovered, and there are now 5,000 to 10,000 of the massive animals in the Southern Hemisphere and 3,000 to 4,500 in the Northern Hemisphere.

“Our study gives us crucial insights into the population structure of blue whales in the waters of Chile and will serve as an important stepping stone for further research,” said Rosenbaum. “The long-term goal of such work would be a network of marine protected areas designed to save the world's largest animal.

Sunday, December 14, 2014

針灸: 足少陽膽經

黃帝內經 靈樞 經脈篇第十
膽足少陽之脈,起於目銳眥,上抵頭角,下耳後,循頸,行手少陽之前,至肩上,卻交出手少陽之後,入缺盆。
其支者,從耳後入耳中,出走耳前,至目銳眥後。
其支者,別銳眥,下大迎,合於手少陽,抵於 (出頁) 下,加頰車,下頸,合缺盆,以下胸中,貫膈,絡肝,屬膽,循脇裡,出氣街,繞毛際,橫入髀厭中。
其直者,從缺盆下腋,循胸,過季脇,下合髀厭中,以下循髀陽,出膝外廉,下外輔骨之前,直下抵絕骨之端,下出外踝之前,循足跗上,入小指次指之間。
其支者,別跗上,入大指之間,循大指歧骨內,出其端,還貫爪甲,出三毛。

是動則病口苦,善太息,心脇痛,不能轉側,甚則面微有塵,體無膏澤,足外反熱,是為陽厥。

是主骨所生病者,頭痛,頷痛,目銳眥痛,缺盆中腫痛,腋下腫,馬刀俠癭,汗出振寒,瘧,胸、脇、肋、髀、膝外至脛絕骨外髁前及諸節皆痛,小指次指不用。

為此諸病,盛則寫之,虛則補之,熱則疾之,寒則留之,陷下則灸之,不盛不虛,以經取之。盛者,人迎大一倍於寸口,虛者,人迎反小於寸口也。

Saturday, December 13, 2014

針灸: 足厥陰肝經

黃帝內經 靈樞 經脈篇第十
肝足厥陰之脈,起於大指叢毛之際,上循足跗上廉,去內踝一寸,上踝八寸,交出太陰之後,上膕內廉,循股陰,入毛中,過陰器,抵小腹,挾胃,屬肝,絡膽,上貫膈,布脇肋,循喉嚨之後,上入頏顙,連目系,上出額,與督脈會於巔;其支者,從目系下頰裡,環脣內;其支者,復從肝,別貫膈,上注肺。

是動則病腰痛不可以俛仰,丈夫㿉疝,婦人少腹腫,甚則嗌乾,面塵,脫色。

是主肝所生病者,胸滿,嘔逆,飧泄,狐疝,遺溺,閉癃。

為此諸病,盛則寫之,虛則補之,熱則疾之,寒則留之,陷下則灸之,不盛不虛,以經取之。盛者,寸口大一倍於人迎,虛者,寸口反小於人迎也。

足厥陰肝經

Monday, December 08, 2014

News: Great Horned Owl Doing Breast Stroke

Watch this owl swim in Lake Michigan after being attacked by falcons
POSTED 11:42 AM, DECEMBER 2, 2014, BY ELYSE RUSSO [ Original Link ]

A Chicago area photographer and birder captured a most unusual sighting: An owl swimming in Lake Michigan.

Steve Spitzer was at Loyola Park Beach in Chicago’s Rogers Park neighborhood when he saw something in the lake.

He met another birder who said it was an owl. The Great Horned Owl was forced down into Lake Michigan by two Peregrine Falcons.

Spitzer captured video and photos of the owl, but he didn’t take any of the falcon attack. He and others at the beach were busy trying to scare the falcons away.

“I’m a birder at heart,” he said.

Spitzer said bird rescue was called to the scene, but the owl flew away.